[Matts-arxiv] Matt's arXiv selection: week ending 11 June 2010

From: Matthew Davis <mdavis_at_physics.uq.edu.au>
Date: Tue, 6 Jul 2010 11:12:14 +1000

Dear subscribers,

This week's selection was compiled by a S, and contains 34 new abstracts and 9

Date: Thu, 3 Jun 2010 20:29:57 GMT (311kb,D)

Title: Realization of an Excited, Strongly-Correlated Quantum Gas Phase
Authors: Elmar Haller, Mattias Gustavsson, Manfred J. Mark, Johann G. Danzl,
   Russell Hart, Guido Pupillo, Hanns-Christoph N\"agerl
Categories: cond-mat.quant-gas
Journal-ref: Science 325, 1224 (2009)
   Ultracold atomic physics offers myriad possibilities to study strongly
correlated many-body systems in lower dimensions. Typically, only ground state
phases are accessible. Using a tunable quantum gas of bosonic cesium atoms, we
realize and control in one dimensional geometry a highly excited quantum phase
that is stabilized in the presence of attractive interactions by maintaining
and strengthening quantum correlations across a confinement-induced resonance.
We diagnose the crossover from repulsive to attractive interactions in terms of
the stiffness and the energy of the system. Our results open up the
experimental study of metastable excited many-body phases with strong
correlations and their dynamical properties.
\\ ( http://arxiv.org/abs/1006.0739 , 311kb)
Date: Thu, 3 Jun 2010 20:54:32 GMT (4249kb)

Title: Dipole blockade in a cold Rydberg atomic sample
Authors: Daniel Comparat and Pierre Pillet
Categories: physics.atom-ph quant-ph
Comments: Similar (without Appendix) article have been published in JOSA B, 27,
   A208 (2010)
Journal-ref: JOSA B, Vol. 27, Issue 6, pp. A208-A232 (2010)
DOI: 10.1364/JOSAB.27.00A208
   We review here the studies performed about interactions in an assembly of
cold Rydberg atoms. We focus more specially the review on the dipole-dipole
interactions and on the effect of the dipole blockade in the laser Rydberg
excitation, which offers attractive possibilities for quantum engineering. We
present first the various interactions between Rydberg atoms. The laser Rydberg
excitation of such an assembly is then described with the introduction of the
dipole blockade phenomenon. We report recent experiments performed in this
subject by starting with the case of a pair of atoms allowing the entanglement
of the wave-functions of the atoms and opening a fascinating way for the
realization of quantum bits and quantum gates. We consider then several works
on the blockade effect in a large assembly of atoms for three different
configurations: blockade through electric-field induced dipole, through
F\"orster resonance and in van der Waals interaction. The properties of
coherence and cooperativity are analyzed. Finally, we treat the role of
dipole-dipole interactions between Rydberg atoms responsible for Penning
ionization. The perturbation of the dipole blockade by ions and the evolution
of the Rydberg towards an ultracold plasma are discussed.
\\ ( http://arxiv.org/abs/1006.0742 , 4249kb)
Date: Thu, 3 Jun 2010 23:06:41 GMT (2758kb,D)

Title: Probing the Superfluid to Mott Insulator Transition at the Single Atom
Authors: Waseem S. Bakr, Amy Peng, M. Eric Tai, Ruichao Ma, Jonathan Simon,
   Jonathon I. Gillen, Simon Foelling, Lode Pollet, Markus Greiner
Categories: cond-mat.quant-gas quant-ph
   Quantum gases in optical lattices offer an opportunity to experimentally
realize and explore condensed matter models in a clean, tunable system. We
investigate the Bose-Hubbard model on a microscopic level using single
atom-single lattice site imaging; our technique enables space- and
time-resolved characterization of the number statistics across the
superfluid-Mott insulator quantum phase transition. Site-resolved probing of
fluctuations provides us with a sensitive local thermometer, allows us to
identify microscopic heterostructures of low entropy Mott domains, and enables
us to measure local quantum dynamics, revealing surprisingly fast transition
timescales. Our results may serve as a benchmark for theoretical studies of
quantum dynamics, and may guide the engineering of low entropy phases in a
\\ ( http://arxiv.org/abs/1006.0754 , 2758kb)
Date: Fri, 4 Jun 2010 02:32:08 GMT (306kb)

Title: Energy spectrum of harmonically trapped two-component Fermi gases:
   Three- and Four-Particle Problem
Authors: K. M. Daily and D. Blume
Categories: cond-mat.quant-gas
Comments: 11 figures
Journal-ref: Phys. Rev. A. 81, 053615 (2010)
   Trapped two-component Fermi gases allow for the investigation of the
so-called BCS-BEC crossover by tuning the interspecies atom-atom $s$-wave
scattering length scattering $a^{(aa)}$ from attractive to repulsive, including
vanishing and infinitely large values. Here, we numerically determine the
energy spectrum of the equal-mass spin-balanced four-fermion system---the
smallest few-particle system that exhibits BCS-BEC crossover-like behavior---as
a function of $a^{(aa)}$ using the stochastic variational approach. For
comparative purposes, we also treat the two- and three-particle systems. States
with vanishing and finite total angular momentum as well as with natural and
unnatural parity are considered. In addition, the energy spectrum of
weakly-attractive and weakly-repulsive gases is characterized by employing a
perturbative framework that utilizes hyperspherical coordinates. The
hyperspherical coordinate approach allows for the straightforward assignment of
quantum numbers and furthermore provides great insights into the
strongly-interacting unitary regime.
\\ ( http://arxiv.org/abs/1006.0769 , 306kb)
Date: Fri, 4 Jun 2010 09:37:49 GMT (1062kb)

Title: Interference of dissimilar photon sources
Authors: A. J. Bennett, R. B. Patel, C. A. Nicoll, D. A. Ritchie and A. J.
Categories: quant-ph cond-mat.other
Journal-ref: Published as A. J. Bennett et al, Nature Physics 5, 715 - 717
DOI: 10.1038/nphys1373
   If identical photons meet at a semi-transparent mirror they appear to leave
in the same direction, an effect called "two-photon interference". It has been
known for some time that this effect should occur for photons generated by
dissimilar sources with no common history, provided the easurement cannot
distinguish between the photons. Here we report a technique to observe such
interference with isolated, unsynchronized sources whose coherence times differ
by several orders of magnitude. In an experiment we interfere photons generated
via different physical processes, with different photon statistics. One source
is stimulated emission from a tuneable laser, which has Poissonian statistics
and a nano-eV bandwidth. The other is spontaneous emission from a quantum dot
in a p-i-n diode with a micro-eV linewidth. We develop a theory to explain the
visibility of interference, which is primarily limited by the timing resolution
of our detectors.
\\ ( http://arxiv.org/abs/1006.0820 , 1062kb)
Date: Fri, 4 Jun 2010 10:40:53 GMT (100kb)

Title: Collapse dynamics of a ${}^{176}\textrm{Yb}\,$-${}^{174}\textrm{Yb}$
   Bose-Einstein condensate
Authors: G. K. Chaudhary and R. Ramakumar
Categories: cond-mat.quant-gas
Comments: 6 pages, 5 figures
Journal-ref: Phys. Rev. A 81, 063603 (2010)
DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevA.81.063603
   In this paper, we present a theoretical study of a two-component
Bose-Einstein condensate composed of Ytterbium (Yb) isotopes in a three
dimensional anisotropic harmonic potential. The condensate consists of a
mixture of ${}^{176}\textrm{Yb}$ atoms which have a negative s-wave scattering
length and ${}^{174}\textrm{Yb}$ atoms having a positive s-wave scattering
length. We study the ground state as well as dynamic properties of this
two-component condensate. Due to the attractive interactions between
${}^{176}\textrm{Yb}$ atoms, the condensate of ${}^{176}\textrm{Yb}$ undergo a
collapse when the particle number exceed a critical value. The critical number
and the collapse dynamics are modified due to the presence of
${}^{174}\textrm{Yb}$ atoms. We use coupled two-component Gross-Pitaevskii
equations to study the collapse dynamics. The theoretical results obtained are
in reasonable agreement with the experimental results of Fukuhara {\em et al.}
[PRA{\bf 79}, 021601(R) (2009)].
\\ ( http://arxiv.org/abs/1006.0854 , 100kb)
Date: Fri, 4 Jun 2010 15:06:03 GMT (217kb)

Title: Measurement of the atom number distribution in an optical tweezer using
   single photon counting
Authors: A. Fuhrmanek, Y.R.P. Sortais, P. Grangier and A. Browaeys
Categories: cond-mat.quant-gas
Comments: 6 pages, 5 figures
   We demonstrate in this paper a method to reconstruct the atom number
distribution of a cloud containing a few tens of cold atoms. The atoms are
first loaded from a magneto-optical trap into a microscopic optical dipole trap
and then released in a resonant light probe where they undergo a Brownian
motion and scatter photons. We count the number of photon events detected on an
image intensifier. Using the response of our detection system to a single atom
as a calibration, we extract the atom number distribution when the trap is
loaded with more than one atom. The atom number distribution is found to be
compatible with a Poisson distribution.
\\ ( http://arxiv.org/abs/1006.0917 , 217kb)
Date: Fri, 4 Jun 2010 15:43:12 GMT (1083kb,D)

Title: Structure and consequences of vortex-core states in p-wave superfluids
Authors: G. Moller, N. R. Cooper, V. Gurarie
Categories: cond-mat.supr-con cond-mat.quant-gas
Comments: 18 pages, 10 figures
   It is now well established that in two-dimensional chiral p-wave paired
superfluids, the vortices carry zero-energy modes which obey non-abelian
exchange statistics and can potentially be used for topological quantum
computation. In such superfluids there may also exist other excitations below
the bulk gap inside the cores of vortices. We study the properties of these
subgap states, and argue that their presence affects the topological protection
of the zero modes. In conventional superconductors where the chemical potential
is of the order of the Fermi energy of a non-interacting Fermi gas, there is a
large number of subgap states and the mini-gap towards the lowest of these
states is a small fraction of the Fermi energy. It is therefore difficult to
cool the system to below the mini-gap and at experimentally available
temperatures, transitions between the subgap states, including the zero modes,
will occur and can alter the quantum states of the zero-modes. We show that
compound qubits involving the zero-modes and the parity of the occupation
number of the subgap states on each vortex are still well defined. However,
practical schemes taking into account all subgap states would nonetheless be
difficult to achieve. We propose to avoid this difficulty by working in the
regime of small chemical potential mu, near the transition to a strongly paired
phase, where the number of subgap states is reduced. We develop the theory to
describe this regime of strong pairing interactions and we show how the subgap
states are ultimately absorbed into the bulk gap. Since the bulk gap vanishes
as mu -> 0 there is an optimum value mu_c which maximises the combined gap. We
propose cold atomic gases as candidate systems where the regime of strong
interactions can be explored, and explicitly evaluate mu_c in a Feshbach
resonant K-40 gas.
\\ ( http://arxiv.org/abs/1006.0924 , 1083kb)
Date: Fri, 4 Jun 2010 17:06:26 GMT (2498kb,D)

Title: Transfer of BECs through discrete breathers in an optical lattice
Authors: Holger Hennig, J\'er\^ome Dorignac, David K. Campbell
Categories: cond-mat.quant-gas nlin.PS
Comments: 8 pages, 5 figures
   We study the stability of a stationary discrete breather (DB) on a nonlinear
trimer in the framework of the discrete nonlinear Schr\"odinger equation
(DNLS). In previous theoretical investigations of the dynamics of Bose-Einstein
condensates in leaking optical lattices, collisions between a DB and a lattice
excitation, e.g. a moving breather (MB) or phonon, were studied. These
collisions lead to the transmission of a fraction of the incident (atomic) norm
of the MB through the DB, while the DB can be shifted in the direction of the
incident lattice excitation. Here we show that there exists a total energy
threshold of the trimer, above which the lattice excitation can trigger the
destabilization of the DB and that this is the mechanism leading to the
movement of the DB. Furthermore, we give an analytic estimate of upper bound to
the norm that is transmitted through the DB. Our analysis explains the results
of the earlier numerical studies and may help to clarify functional operations
with BECs in optical lattices such as blocking and filtering coherent (atomic)
\\ ( http://arxiv.org/abs/1006.0943 , 2498kb)
Date: Fri, 4 Jun 2010 19:19:16 GMT (910kb)

Title: Techniques to measure quantum criticality in cold atoms
Authors: Kaden R. A. Hazzard and Erich J. Mueller
Categories: cond-mat.quant-gas cond-mat.stat-mech cond-mat.str-el quant-ph
Comments: 12 double spaced pages (main text), 12 double spaced pages
   (supplementary information), 4 figures (10 panels)
   Attempts to understand zero temperature phase transitions have forced
physicists to consider a regime where the standard paradigms of condensed
matter physics break down [1-4]. These quantum critical systems lack a simple
description in terms of weakly interacting quasiparticles, but over the past 20
years physicists have gained deep insights into their properties. Most
dramatically, theory predicts that universal scaling relationships describe
their finite temperature thermodynamics up to remarkably high temperatures.
Unfortunately, these universal functions are hard to calculate: for example
there are no reliable general techniques [4,5] to calculate the scaling
functions for dynamics. Viewing a cold atom experiment as a quantum simulator
[6], we show how to extract universal scaling functions from (non-universal)
atomic density profiles or spectroscopic measurements. Such experiments can
resolve important open questions about the Mott-Metal crossover [7,8] and the
dynamics of the finite density O(2) rotor model [1,9], with direct impact on
theories of, for example, high temperature superconducting cuprates [10,11],
heavy fermion materials [12], and graphene [13].
\\ ( http://arxiv.org/abs/1006.0969 , 910kb)
arXiv:1006.1072 (*cross-listing*)
Date: Sat, 5 Jun 2010 21:49:52 GMT (19kb)

Title: An Example of Quantum Anomaly in the Physics of Ultra-Cold Gases
Authors: Maxim Olshanii, H\'el\`ene Perrin, Vincent Lorent
Categories: cond-mat.quant-gas quant-ph
Comments: 5 pages, 2 figures
   In this article, we propose an experimental scheme for observation of a
quantum anomaly---quantum-mechanical symmetry breaking---in a two-dimensional
harmonically trapped Bose gas. The anomaly manifests itself in a shift of the
monopole excitation frequency away from the value dictated by the
Pitaevskii-Rosch dynamical symmetry [L. P. Pitaevskii and A. Rosch, Phys. Rev.
A, 55, R853 (1997)]. While the corresponding classical Gross-Pitaevskii
equation and the derived from it hydrodynamic equations do exhibit this
symmetry, it is---as we show in our paper---violated under quantization. The
resulting frequency shift is of the order of 1% of the carrier, well in reach
for modern experimental techniques. We propose using the dipole oscillations as
a frequency gauge.
\\ ( http://arxiv.org/abs/1006.1072 , 19kb)
Date: Sun, 6 Jun 2010 19:11:39 GMT (2434kb)

Title: Double-degenerate Bose-Fermi mixture of strontium
Authors: Meng Khoon Tey, Simon Stellmer, Rudolf Grimm, Florian Schreck
Categories: cond-mat.quant-gas
Comments: 5 pages, 5 figures
   We report on the attainment of a spin-polarized Fermi sea of 87-Sr in thermal
contact with a Bose-Einstein condensate (BEC) of 84-Sr. Interisotope collisions
thermalize the fermions with the bosons during evaporative cooling. A
degeneracy of T/T_F=0.30(5) is reached with 2x10^4 87-Sr atoms together with an
almost pure 84-Sr BEC of 10^5 atoms.
\\ ( http://arxiv.org/abs/1006.1131 , 2434kb)
Date: Mon, 7 Jun 2010 05:54:57 GMT (1053kb,D)

Title: Signature of Quantum Criticality in the Density Profiles of Cold Atom
Authors: Qi Zhou and Tin-Lun Ho
Categories: cond-mat.quant-gas
Comments: 4 pages, 5 figures
   In recent years, there is considerable experimental effort using cold atoms
to study strongly correlated many-body systems. One class of phenomena of
particularly interests is quantum critical (QC) phenomena. While prevalent in
many materials, these phenomena are notoriously difficult theoretical problems
due to the vanishing of energy scales in QC region. So far, there are no
systematic ways to deduce QC behavior of bulk systems from the data of trapped
atomic gases. Here, we present a simple algorithm to use the experimental
density profile to determine the T=0 phase boundary of bulk systems, as well as
the scaling functions in QC regime. We also present another scheme for removing
finite size effects of the trap. We demonstrate the validity of our schemes
using exactly soluble models.
\\ ( http://arxiv.org/abs/1006.1174 , 1053kb)
Date: Mon, 7 Jun 2010 15:02:55 GMT (482kb)

Title: Incompressible states of a two-component Fermi gas in a double-well
   optical lattice
Authors: Fran\ccois Cr\'epin, Roberta Citro and Pascal Simon
Categories: cond-mat.quant-gas
Comments: 10 pages, 7 figures. Accepted for publication in PRA
   We propose a scheme to investigate the effect of frustration on the magnetic
phase transitions of cold atoms confined in an optical lattice. We also
demonstrate how to get two-leg spin ladders with frustrated spin-exchange
coupling which display a phase transition from a spin liquid to a fully
incompressible state. Various experimental quantities are further analyzed for
describing this new phase.
\\ ( http://arxiv.org/abs/1006.1269 , 482kb)
Date: Mon, 7 Jun 2010 16:46:27 GMT (745kb)

Title: Observation of a red-blue detuning asymmetry in matter-wave
Authors: L.Deng, E. W. Hagley, Qiang Cao, Xiaorui Wang, Xinyu Luo, Ruquan Wang,
   Fan Yang, Xiaoji Zhou, Xuzong Chen, M. G. Payne and Mingsheng Zhan
Categories: cond-mat.quant-gas quant-ph
Comments: The original version of this manuscript was first submitted in early
   March, 2010 to Physical Review A Rapid Communications
   We show the first experimental observations of matter-wave superradiance
using blue-detuned light, and demonstrate a pump-laser detuning asymmetry in
the collective atomic recoil motion. In contrast to all previous theoretical
treatments, which predict that the process should be symmetric with respect to
the sign of the pump-laser detuning, we find that for sufficiently high
condensate densities the symmetry is broken. However, in the limit of a dilute
atomic gas the symmetry is restored. With high atomic densities and a
red-detuned pump laser, the usual distinctive multi-order matter-wave
scattering pattern is clearly visible, whereas with blue-detuned light the
collective atom recoil motion is strongly suppressed.
\\ ( http://arxiv.org/abs/1006.1295 , 745kb)
Date: Mon, 7 Jun 2010 22:39:24 GMT (52kb)

Title: Speed of sound in a superfluid Fermi gas in an optical lattice
Authors: Z. G. Koinov
Categories: cond-mat.str-el
   A system of equal mixture of $^6Li$ atomic Fermi gas of two hyperfine states
loaded into a cubic three-dimensional optical lattice is studied assuming a
negative scattering length (BCS side of the Feshbach resonance). When the
interaction is attractive, fermionic atoms can pair and form a superfluid. The
dispersion of the phonon-like mode and the speed of sound in the
long-wavelength limit are obtained by solving the Bethe-Salpeter equations for
the collective modes of the attractive Hubbard Hamiltonian.
\\ ( http://arxiv.org/abs/1006.1392 , 52kb)
Date: Tue, 8 Jun 2010 01:44:53 GMT (90kb,D)

Title: Semiclassical dynamics of quasi-one-dimensional, attractive
   Bose-Einstein condensates
Authors: Alexander Tovbis and Mark A. Hoefer
Categories: cond-mat.quant-gas
Comments: 8 pages, 2 figures
   The strongly interacting regime for attractive Bose-Einstein condensates
(BECs) tightly confined in an extended cylindrical trap is studied. For
appropriately prepared BECs, the ensuing dynamics are found to be governed by
the one-dimensional focusing Nonlinear Schr\"{o}dinger equation (NLS) in the
semiclassical (small dispersion) regime. In spite of the modulational
instability of this regime, rigorous results on the strong asymptotics of the
semiclassical limiting solutions were obtained recently. Using these results,
"implosion" and "explosion" events are predicted whereby an initial hump
focuses into a sharp spike which then expands into rapid oscillations.
Seemingly related behavior has been observed in three-dimensional experiments
and models, where the supercritical NLS equation is known to admit a blow-up
singularity (collapse). The dynamical regimes studied here, however, are not
predicted to undergo collapse. Instead, distinct, ordered structures, appearing
after the "implosion", yield new observables that may be experimentally
\\ ( http://arxiv.org/abs/1006.1438 , 90kb)
Date: Tue, 8 Jun 2010 09:22:19 GMT (64kb)

Title: Fast optimal transition between two equilibrium states
Authors: Jean-Fran\ccois Schaff, Xiao-Li Song, Patrizia Vignolo, and Guillaume
Categories: cond-mat.quant-gas
Comments: 5 pages, 4 figures
   We present the first experimental demonstration of a technique based on
invariants of motion for a time-dependent Hamiltonian, allowing a fast
transition to a final equilibrium state identical to that obtain through a
perfectly adiabatic transformation. This method is applied to the fast
decompression of an ultracold cloud of $^{87}$Rb atoms held in a harmonic
magnetic trap, in the presence of gravity. Using an optimal frequency
trajectory, we are able to decompress the trap by a factor of 15 within 35 ms
with a strong suppression of the sloshing/breathing hybrid modes induced by the
large vertical displacement and curvature reduction of the trap. When compared
to a standard linear decompression, we achieve a gain of a factor 37 on the
transition time.
\\ ( http://arxiv.org/abs/1006.1495 , 64kb)
Date: Wed, 9 Jun 2010 02:25:54 GMT (35kb)

Title: Mott Transitions of Three-Component Fermionic Atoms with Repulsive
   Interaction in Optical Lattices
Authors: Kensuke Inaba, Shin-ya Miyatake and Sei-ichiro Suga
Categories: cond-mat.quant-gas
Comments: 5 pages, 4 figures
   We investigate the Mott transitions of three-component (colors) repulsive
fermionic atoms in optical lattices using the dynamical mean field theory. We
find that for SU(3) symmetry breaking interactions the Mott transition occurs
at incommensurate half filling. As a result, a characteristic Mott insulating
state appears, where paired atoms with two different colors and atoms with the
third color are localized at different sites. We also find another Mott state
where atoms with two different colors are localized at different sites and
atoms with the third color remain itinerant. We demonstrate that these exotic
Mott phases can be detected by experimental double occupancy observations.
\\ ( http://arxiv.org/abs/1006.1685 , 35kb)
arXiv:1006.1833 (*cross-listing*)
Date: Wed, 9 Jun 2010 15:28:09 GMT (1348kb)

Title: L\'evy-Schr\"odinger wave packets
Authors: Nicola Cufaro Petroni
Categories: math.PR cond-mat.stat-mech quant-ph
Comments: 62 pages, 13 figures
Report-no: Rapporto n. 11/2010 - Dpt. of Mathematics, Bari University
MSC-class: 60G51 Processes with independent increments, L\'evy processes 81P20
   Stochastic mechanics
   We analyze the time-dependent solutions of the pseudo-differential
L\'evy-Schr\"odinger wave equation in the free (force-less) case, and we
compare them with the associated L\'evy processes. We first list the principal
laws used to describe the time evolutions of both L\'evy process densities and
L\'evy-Schr\"odinger wave packets. To have self-adjoint generators and unitary
evolutions we will consider only absolutely continuous, infinitely divisible
L\'evy noises with laws symmetric under change of sign of the independent
variable. We then show a few examples of the characteristic behavior of the
L\'evy-Schr\"odinger wave packets, and in particular of the bi-modality arising
in their evolutions: a feature at variance with the typical diffusive
uni-modality of the L\'evy process densities.
\\ ( http://arxiv.org/abs/1006.1833 , 1348kb)
Date: Wed, 9 Jun 2010 19:31:20 GMT (1260kb,D)

Title: Vortices in quantum droplets: Analogies between boson and fermion
Authors: H. Saarikoski, S.M. Reimann, A. Harju, M. Manninen
Categories: cond-mat.quant-gas cond-mat.mes-hall
Comments: Review article, 53 pages, 53 figures
   The main theme of this review is the many-body physics of vortices in quantum
droplets of bosons or fermions, in the limit of small particle numbers. Systems
of interest include cold atoms in traps as well as electrons confined in
quantum dots. When set to rotate, these in principle very different quantum
systems show remarkable analogies. The topics reviewed include the structure of
the finite rotating many-body state, universality of vortex formation and
localization of vortices in both bosonic and fermionic systems, and the
emergence of particle-vortex composites in the quantum Hall regime. An overview
of the computational many-body techniques sets focus on the configuration
interaction and density-functional methods. Studies of quantum droplets with
one or several particle components, where vortices as well as coreless vortices
may occur, are reviewed, and theoretical as well as experimental challenges are
\\ ( http://arxiv.org/abs/1006.1884 , 1260kb)
Date: Thu, 10 Jun 2010 07:58:42 GMT (273kb)

Title: Hybrid Quantum System of a Nanofiber Mode Coupled to Two Chains of
   Optically Trapped Atoms
Authors: Hashem Zoubi, and Helmut Ritsch
Categories: quant-ph
Comments: 9 pages, 9 figures
   A tapered optical nanofiber simultaneously used to trap and optically
interface of cold atoms through evanescent fields constitutes a new and well
controllable hybrid quantum system. The atoms are trapped in two parallel 1D
optical lattices generated by suitable far blue and red detuned evanescent
field modes very close to opposite sides of the nanofiber surface. Collective
electronic excitations (excitons) of each of the optical lattices are
resonantly coupled to the second lattice forming symmetric and antisymmetric
common excitons. In contrast to the inverse cube dependence of the individual
atomic dipole-dipole interaction, we analytically find an exponentially
decaying coupling strength with distance between the lattices. The resulting
symmetric (bright) excitons strongly interact with the resonant nanofiber
photons to form fiber polaritons, which can be observed through linear optical
spectra. For large enough wave vectors the polariton decay rate to free space
is strongly reduced, which should render this system ideal for the realization
of long range quantum communication between atomic ensembles.
\\ ( http://arxiv.org/abs/1006.1971 , 273kb)
arXiv:1006.1978 (*cross-listing*)
Date: Thu, 10 Jun 2010 08:39:26 GMT (35kb)

Title: Disordered quantum walk-induced localization of a Bose-Einstein
Authors: C. M. Chandrashekar
Categories: quant-ph cond-mat.quant-gas
Comments: 5 pages, 4 figures
   We present a new approach to Anderson localization in one-dimensional lattice
under the influence of disordered quantum coin operation in the quantum walk
evolution. We introduce a discrete-time quantum walk model in which
interference effect modified to diffuse or localize the probability
distribution by assigning different set of random coin parameter to each step
of the walk, respectively. Spatial localization of the particle/state is
explained by comparing the variance of the probability distribution of the
quantum walk in position space using disordered coin operation to that of the
walk using an identical coin operation for each step. Due to the high degree of
control over quantum coin operation and most of the system parameters,
ultracold atoms in optical lattice offer opportunities to implement disordered
quantum walk which is unitary and induce localization. Here we use a
Bose-Einstein condensate which can be evolved to the superposition of its
internal states in optical lattice to study Anderson localization. This
approach can be adopted to any other physical system in which controlled
disordered quantum walk can be implemented.
\\ ( http://arxiv.org/abs/1006.1978 , 35kb)
Date: Thu, 10 Jun 2010 12:35:25 GMT (44kb,D)

Title: Topological entanglement entropy relations for multi phase systems with
Authors: F. A. Bais and J. K. Slingerland
Categories: cond-mat.str-el quant-ph
Comments: 4 pages, 3 figures, 2 tables, revtex
   We study the change in topological entanglement entropy that occurs when a
two-dimensional system in a topologically ordered phase undergoes a transition
to another such phase due to the formation of a Bose condensate. We also
consider the topological entanglement entropy of systems with domains in
different topological phases, and of phase boundaries between these domains. We
calculate the topological entropy of these interfaces and derive two
fundamental relations between the interface topological entropy and the bulk
topological entropies on both sides of the interface.
\\ ( http://arxiv.org/abs/1006.2017 , 44kb)
Date: Thu, 10 Jun 2010 14:17:43 GMT (196kb)

Title: Role of interactions in time-of-flight expansion of atomic clouds from
   optical lattices
Authors: Joern N. Kupferschmidt (Cornell, Berlin), Erich J. Mueller (Cornell)
Categories: cond-mat.quant-gas
Comments: 6 pages, 3 figures
   We calculate the effect of interactions on the expansion of ultracold atoms
from a single site of an optical lattice. We use these results to predict how
interactions influence the interference pattern observed in a time of flight
experiment. We find that for typical interaction strengths their influence is
negligible, yet that they reduce visibility near a scattering resonance.
\\ ( http://arxiv.org/abs/1006.2042 , 196kb)
Date: Thu, 10 Jun 2010 16:03:58 GMT (66kb)

Title: Time-Reversal-Breaking and $d$-Wave Superfluidity of Ultracold Dipolar
   Fermions in Optical Lattices
Authors: Li Han and C. A. R. S\'a de Melo
Categories: cond-mat.quant-gas
Comments: 4 pages, 3 figures
   We describe possible superfluid phases of ultracold dipolar fermions in
optical lattices for two-dimensional systems. Considering the many-body
screening of dipolar interactions at larger filling factors, we show that
several superfluid phases with distinct pairing symmetries naturally emerge in
the singlet channel: local $s$-wave $(sl)$, extended $s$-wave $(se)$, $d$-wave
$(d)$ or time-reversal-symmetry breaking $(sl + se \pm id)$-wave. The
temperature versus filling factor phase diagram indicates that $d$-wave is
favored near half-filling, that $(sl + se)$-wave is favored near zero or full
filling, and that time-reversal-breaking $(sl + se \pm id)$-wave is favored in
between. When a harmonic trap is included a sequence of phases can exist in the
cloud depending on the filling factor at the center of the trap. Most notably
in the region where the $(sl + se \pm id)$-wave superfluid exists, spontaneous
currents are generated, and may be detected using velocity sensitive Bragg
\\ ( http://arxiv.org/abs/1006.2072 , 66kb)
Date: Thu, 10 Jun 2010 19:08:38 GMT (115kb)

Title: Hidden Sp(2s+1)- or SO(2s+1)-symmetry and new exactly solvable models in
   ultracold atomic systems
Authors: Yuzhu Jiang, Junpeng Cao and Yupeng Wang
Categories: cond-mat.str-el
Comments: 6 pages, 2 figures
   The high spin ultracold atom models with a special form of contact
interactions, i.e., the scattering lengthes in the total spin-$2,4 \cdots$
channels are equal but may be different from that in the spin-0 channel, is
studied. It is found that those models have either $Sp(2s+1)$-symmetry for the
fermions or $SO(2s+1)$-symmetry for the bosons in the spin sector. Based on the
symmetry analysis, a new class of exactly solvable models is proposed and
solved via the Bethe ansatz. The ground states for repulsive fermions are also
\\ ( http://arxiv.org/abs/1006.2118 , 115kb)

The replacements:

replaced with revised version Mon, 7 Jun 2010 06:29:38 GMT (218kb)

Title: Spontaneous generation of a half-quantum vortex in spin-orbit coupled
   Bose-Einstein condensates
Authors: Congjun Wu and Ian Mondragon-Shem
Categories: cond-mat.supr-con
\\ ( http://arxiv.org/abs/0809.3532 , 218kb)
arXiv:0904.0939 (*cross-listing*)
replaced with revised version Fri, 4 Jun 2010 23:25:29 GMT (607kb)

Title: A Parallel Algorithm for Solving the 3d Schrodinger Equation
Authors: Michael Strickland and David Yager-Elorriaga
Categories: quant-ph hep-ph nucl-th physics.atom-ph physics.comp-ph
Comments: 18 pages, 7 figures; published version
Journal-ref: Journal of Computational Physics 229 (2010) 6015-6026
DOI: 10.1016/j.jcp.2010.04.032
\\ ( http://arxiv.org/abs/0904.0939 , 607kb)
replaced with revised version Mon, 7 Jun 2010 00:09:42 GMT (33kb)

Title: Comment on "Coherent Ratchets in Driven Bose-Einstein Condensates"
Authors: G. Benenti, G. Casati, S. Denisov, S. Flach, P. Hanggi, B. Li, and D.
Categories: cond-mat.quant-gas
Comments: revised version
Journal-ref: Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 228901 (2010)
DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.104.228901
\\ ( http://arxiv.org/abs/0912.3667 , 33kb)
replaced with revised version Thu, 10 Jun 2010 13:05:37 GMT (518kb)

Title: Spreading of wave packets in disordered systems with tunable
Authors: Ch. Skokos, S. Flach
Categories: cond-mat.dis-nn
Comments: 9 pages, 7 figures
\\ ( http://arxiv.org/abs/1001.5171 , 518kb)
replaced with revised version Tue, 8 Jun 2010 12:52:33 GMT (1405kb)

Title: A finite element method with mesh adaptivity for computing vortex states
   in fast-rotating Bose-Einstein condensates
Authors: Ionut Danaila (LJLL), Frederic Hecht (LJLL)
Categories: cond-mat.quant-gas math.NA physics.comp-ph
Comments: to appear in J. Computational Physics
\\ ( http://arxiv.org/abs/1002.0453 , 1405kb)
replaced with revised version Fri, 4 Jun 2010 12:44:58 GMT (307kb)

Title: Imaging a single atom in a time-of-flight experiment
Authors: A. Fuhrmanek, A.M. Lance, C. Tuchendler, P. Grangier, Y.R.P. Sortais
   and A. Browaeys
Categories: cond-mat.quant-gas physics.atom-ph
Comments: 14 pages, 8 figures
Journal-ref: New Journal of Physics 12, 053028 (2010)
\\ ( http://arxiv.org/abs/1002.2311 , 307kb)
replaced with revised version Tue, 8 Jun 2010 13:57:09 GMT (3595kb)

Title: Photoemission spectrum and effect of inhomogeneous pairing fluctuations
   in the BCS-BEC crossover regime of an ultracold Fermi gas
Authors: Shunji Tsuchiya, Ryota Watanabe, and Yoji Ohashi
Categories: cond-mat.quant-gas cond-mat.supr-con
Comments: 5 pages, 5 figures, Figures 4 and 5 are updated including
   experimental data
\\ ( http://arxiv.org/abs/1002.3016 , 3595kb)
replaced with revised version Thu, 10 Jun 2010 04:27:09 GMT (21kb)

Title: Antiferromagnetic Spinor Condensates are Quantum Rotors
Authors: Ryan Barnett, Jay D. Sau, and S. Das Sarma
Categories: cond-mat.quant-gas
Comments: minor revisions. some typos corrected
\\ ( http://arxiv.org/abs/1003.2634 , 21kb)
replaced with revised version Wed, 9 Jun 2010 02:20:08 GMT (324kb)

Title: Time-of-flight imaging method to observe signatures of
   antiferromagnetically ordered states of fermionic atoms in an optical lattice
Authors: Kensuke Inaba and Makoto Yamashita
Categories: cond-mat.quant-gas
Comments: 4 pages, 5 figures
\\ ( http://arxiv.org/abs/1005.3577 , 324kb)

Till next time,

Dr M. J. Davis,                      Associate Professor in Physics
School of Mathematics and Physics,   ph  : +61 7 334 69824
The University of Queensland,        fax : +61 7 336 51242
Brisbane, QLD 4072,                  mdavis_at_physics.uq.edu.au
Australia.                           www.physics.uq.edu.au/people/mdavis/
Matt's arXiv selection: weekly summary of cold-atom papers from arXiv.org
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Received on Wed Sep 01 2010 - 11:01:35 EST

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